Veneers are thin layers of restorative materials which are bonded over the surface of the teeth to protect damaged teeth or improve the appearance of teeth. Veneers are divided into two categories: porcelain veneers and composite veneers.
Porcelain veneers are thin porcelain veneers having a thickness of half a millimeter and fixed onto the front of the teeth. The veneers mimic the structure of teeth compared to other restorative materials since they are hard and able to resist wear and tear.
Composite veneers are also known as dental composite resins. They are used as restorative adhesives or materials. Composite veneers are easy to manipulate, cheap, aesthetic, and insensitive to dehydration and insoluble.
Veneers can be used for numerous teeth defects like chipped or worn teeth. They can also be used for discolored teeth especially if your tooth has tetracycline teeth stains. Porcelain veneers can be used to cover up the gaps which exist between your teeth.
The first process when making veneers is trimming back the enamel found on the front side of your tooth where bonding of the veneer will take place. This is meant to achieve the same thickness as that of the veneer.
After trimming back the enamel, a copy of the trimmed tooth is made. Dental molds can be created then send to a dental laboratory where composite or porcelain veneers are made or the impression can be taken using a special machine having a camera. This machine is known as a dental milling machine.
The machine will create the tooth veneer by grinding the image obtained from the dental ceramic block. The major advantage of this procedure is the fact that veneer bonding and trimming can take place at the same time.
After the tooth has been prepared for the veneer, a temporary veneer can be placed or a temporary veneer can be placed during the fabrication of the porcelain veneer. If the temporary porcelain veneer is not placed, the front side of your teeth may appear a bit rough.
You should avoid exposing your porcelain veneers to excessive forces since they are incapable of withstanding strong forces or sharp impacts. Some of the activities likely to cause excess force include biting hard objects like fingernails, hair pins, ice or bottles.
Other habits that may damage your veneers and reduce their lifetime include smoking, drinking coffee and playing contact sports. If you drink tea, coffee or soda use a straw to prevent your veneers from being stained. Avoiding hard foods like candy will help prevent chipping.
If you are into sports, make sure you use a mouth guard to help prevent any breakage or chipping. If you notice any cracking or damage, it is good to visit your dentist immediately to see whether your veneer can be replaced or repaired.
You should avoid clenching and grinding of teeth since it can lead to chipping and breaking of the veneers because of the heavy forces these actions may produce. To protect the veneers practice good oral hygiene and by brushing and flossing your teeth on a daily basis using non-abrasive toothpaste.
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